Understanding Mathematics and Physics
The spiritual and scientific discussion we had was entirely based on two broad scientific fields: physics and mathematics. These two fields are the two most useful scientific disciplines when it comes to study the manifestation of spirituality in modern science. One of them describes the heavenly realities that are beyond the plane of the universe in purely abstract terms while the other one deals with the spiritual rules that govern the material world and the universe.
The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines mathematics as the science of numbers and their operations, interrelations, combinations, generalizations, and abstractions. The laws of mathematics are manifestations of the laws of the heavenly world which is made up of seven heavens. These laws represent a high level heavenly language that translates into extremely complex mathematical rules.
Similarly the Merriam-Webster dictionary defines physics as a science that deals with matter and energy and their interactions. The science of physics is concerned with explaining the physical processes and phenomena of the universe. Thus, its laws are manifestations of the laws of the universe which is defined as everything that physically exists. The science of physics is described in the Holy Quran as God’s signs in the universe:
"We will soon show them Our signs in the Universe and in themselves,
until it will become manifest to them that it is the Truth..."
Holy Quran (41:53)
Mathematics and Physics: The Codes and The Signs or the Hidden and the Manifest
Spiritually speaking, mathematics which is the science of heavenly codes represents the spirituality of Seydina Abu Bakr as-Siddiq (ra) , Prophet’s first representative, while physics which is the science of the signs in the universe represents the spirituality of Seydina Ali (as), his last representative. The knowledge that is coming from the spirituality of Seydina Abu Bakr (ra) is hidden from this universe as it appears in the realm of the heavens. On the other hand, the knowledge that is coming from the spirituality of Seydina Ali (as) is spread throughout the universe and its billions of galaxies. On this subject, Grand Shaykh Abd Allah as Daghestani (q) said that the spirituality of Seydina Ali (as) is what prevents aliens and other outer space beings from invading our galaxy. His spirituality acts as a governing body just like the physical laws of the universe act as the governing rules of creation.
Mathematics and physics work hand in hand and provide us with an metaphoric understanding of the divine realities. These two fields, which are fueled by the spiritualities of the first and last representatives of the Prophet (SAW) , shall never be separated from one another in the sense that mathematics will always be used to explain physics and physics will always be used to support mathematics. This companionship is the manifestation of what Prophet (SAW) said in his last sermon regarding the Holy Quran and his family.
"I am leaving among you that which if you hold to it, you shall never go astray,
one of them greater than the other:
Allah's Book - a rope extended down from the heaven to the earth –
and my mantle (`itra), the People of my House.
These two shall never part ways until they come to me at the Pond.
Look well to how you act with them after me."
Narrated from Zayd ibn Arqam by al-Tirmidhi (hasan gharib) and al-Hakim
Here, Allah’s Book is manifested as mathematics because it is as a rope that extends down from the heaven to earth. The People of the House represent physics which is made up of a set of governing rules and fundamental laws manifesting themselves in the “house” of the universe. They also represent the customs and ways of the Prophet (sunnah) because they describe his character through the dual nature of light.
Thus Prophet’s recommendation to us is to look well to how we act with these disciplines in particular and with modern science in general for it will lead us to meditating upon his way and to understanding the heavenly nature of his message. As he (SAW) said: “if you hold to it, you shall never go astray,”